## Friday, 4 March 2016

### How to split the tempdb database into more files

Naturally, as DBAs we do know is mandatory to modify data and log properties of the tempdb database. Unless we do a customized configuration of it, SQL Server will create only one data file and log file by default. The reality is that we will mostly need to create more files on production environments. There are many recommendations not only about how to create them but also the quantity of files on OLTP environments. To be perfectly honest, I do not believe that the number of data files only depends on the number of cores, but it also depends on concurrency, tempdb contention issues, the workloads on your server and, clearly, the performance of your queries. So, there is no a rule for it. Moreover, depending on the SQL Server version we are working on, we may NOT need to split the tempdb into many data files. There are some situations where it will work splendidly with only one data file since each database environment is unique and, therefore, we need to determine the best for it.

Today we are not going to discuss more details about it. I just would like to suggest splitting your tempdb database into four data files (if you have four or eight core) or eight data files (for 16, 32, 64, or more cores) and ONLY one log file. Ideally, we also need to locate them in different drives RAID1, RAID5 or RAID10. Now having very clear the situation, I will show you one small script to split your default tempdb database into 8 data files and remaining the only one log file.

USE [master]
GO
ALTER DATABASE [tempdb] MODIFY FILE (NAME=N'templog', NEWNAME= N'tempdev_Log')
GO
ALTER DATABASE [tempdb] MODIFY FILE (NAME=N'tempdev', NEWNAME=N'tempdev_Data01')
GO
ALTER DATABASE [tempdb] MODIFY FILE (NAME=N'tempdev_Log',  FILENAME= N'D:SQLTempDBtempdev_Log.ldf', SIZE = 2048MB , FILEGROWTH = 2048MB)
GO
ALTER DATABASE [tempdb] MODIFY FILE (NAME=N'tempdev_Data01',  FILENAME= N'D:SQLTempDBtempdev_Data01.mdf', SIZE = 512MB , FILEGROWTH = 1024MB )
GO
ALTER DATABASE [tempdb] ADD FILE ( NAME = N'tempdev_Data02', FILENAME = N'D:SQLTempDBtempdev_Data02.ndf' , SIZE = 512MB , FILEGROWTH = 1024MB )
GO
ALTER DATABASE [tempdb] ADD FILE ( NAME = N'tempdev_Data03', FILENAME = N'D:SQLTempDBtempdev_Data03.ndf' , SIZE = 512MB , FILEGROWTH = 1024MB )
GO
ALTER DATABASE [tempdb] ADD FILE ( NAME = N'tempdev_Data04', FILENAME = N'D:SQLTempDBtempdev_Data04.ndf' , SIZE = 512MB , FILEGROWTH = 1024MB )
GO
ALTER DATABASE [tempdb] ADD FILE ( NAME = N'tempdev_Data05', FILENAME = N'D:SQLTempDBtempdev_Data05.ndf' , SIZE = 512MB , FILEGROWTH = 1024MB )
GO
ALTER DATABASE [tempdb] ADD FILE ( NAME = N'tempdev_Data06', FILENAME = N'D:SQLTempDBtempdev_Data06.ndf' , SIZE = 512MB , FILEGROWTH = 1024MB )
GO
ALTER DATABASE [tempdb] ADD FILE ( NAME = N'tempdev_Data07', FILENAME = N'D:SQLTempDBtempdev_Data07.ndf' , SIZE = 512MB , FILEGROWTH = 1024MB )
GO
ALTER DATABASE [tempdb] ADD FILE ( NAME = N'tempdev_Data08', FILENAME = N'D:SQLTempDBtempdev_Data08.ndf' , SIZE = 512MB , FILEGROWTH = 1024MB )

After having successfully executed, we must restart the database engine in order to get the new files created and all changes done. I hope you find this post interesting. Let me know any remark if you may have. Thanks for reading!